Spot baldness, also known as alopecia areata, is a form hair loss that affects both men and women. This autoimmune disease is said to be the third most common hair loss problem that affects people regardless of age and gender. However, it is more common for men. In fact, every second in 100 men faces this problem. For some it happens later in life, while for others it starts in their early 20s. Little is known about causes, but one thing is for sure, the immune system attacks hair follicles which causes baldness.
There are two types of spot baldness – Alopecia Areata (hair falls out on certain parts) and Alopecia Totalis (entire hair falls out and may either grow back in few months or never grow back again).
Although it is not known what triggers spot baldness (even with all the inventions of the modern medicine), it is believed that unhealthy scalp, stress, blocked hair follicles, other illness, harsh medications, burns, injuries, infections, toxins and genetic inheritance cause hair loss. Even though it is not confirm with certainty, in most cases the cause is pure genetic. This means that if there is someone in the family with hair loss problem, chances are you will have it too. But genetic factor is not your only concern. Did you know that hair loss can happen if you overdose with vitamin A, have iron deficiency or gave birth recently? As you can see, too many factors affect the health of your hair.
The most common symptom of spot baldness is thinning hair. However, just because you have notied a change, does not mean you are losing hair. In some case it may be temporary and due to the change of seasons, childbirth, or stress. However, if it continues and hair starts falling out more, then you definitely need to consult your doctor. He/she will decide whether you are suffering from hair loss and prescribe a spot baldness treatment.
How can you tell if it is alopecia areata? Most men start to lose hair in the forehead area in a M shape (not the case with women). Mild itching and burning scalp are just some of the signs that indicate spot baldness. Of course, this does not have to be the case for everyone.
There are many treatments for spot baldness. The question is whether they can help or not. What works for one person, does not automatically mean it will work for you too. In most cases, dermatologists prescribe corticosteroids. It is a cream that needs to be applied directly on the bald patches. For severe alopecia, medications like minoxidil and finasteride may not work at all. If none of these treatments work, then you need to consider another spot baldness treatment that will be effective.
Many think of hair transplantation right away. But this treatment too is not for everyone. Luckily, there is a new spot baldness treatment that seems to deliver desired results for all – scalp micropigmentation. If you are not a fan of surgeries, then this spot baldness treatment is your go-to solution. Scalp micropigmenatation is basically hair tattooing. Pigments (that match the colour of patient’s natural hair) are injected into the skin layer. The end result is shaved-head look. This treatment is suitable for all skin types and colours, all ages and all types of hair loss. Scalp micropigmentation is pain and drug free. Recovery time is short (patient can return to normal activities right away); there is no scaring and no risk of infection.